Whatelements does reading of opponents consist of? Talking about observation,attention etc. is simply talking. Let us keep to the point.
For one thing, experienced players nicely determine the so-called constant. This term stipulates anordinary opponent’s behavior and/or state. This a quite general set of habitsof how to approve oneself: the way he laughs, grieves, communicates etc. Anychange observed against this conditionally neutral background (constant) makesus fall into a muse.
The opponent can discuss any issues; debate and joke. It means to behavein a natural way – a constant. However, suddenly he becomes continentlyconcentrated, his eyes are hard, and he perks, leaning with his lower arms onthe cushion – a change. It is a quite general remark, but you are ready to say,"He is ready for a grave opposition.”
Let us have a look at pix. What could the constant look like? A scenefrom “Russian Fight”, episode one, DenisKuznetsov:
It is a quite widespread and stable expression, which can be calledneutral, as it provides no useful information. However, Erik Seidel bets and …
Eyebrows are lifted up, as if the player is surprised. As readers say,“The constant is broken." We can see a change. What does it mean? Thequestion is appropriate, as amazement can be observed both under negative andpositive circumstances. Thus, we have touched upon changes, which are generally associated directly with tells. Inthis case, a considerable sensitiveness is required. It is dangerous to makehasty conclusions. For example, amateurs think that touching one’s face or neckis a signal of bluff. What is the crucial mistake?
I repeat, “There are no individual hints. It is always a system, wheretime and place of appearance is of great importance.” Many people overlook thewhole pattern. For example, according to statistics a smile of Phil Ivey duringthe hand is a sign of strength. It is true, but not completely. There aredozens of different smiles! It means that a word “smile” is acceptable only inthe form of colligation, as a term, which is not a particular hint. Theopponent’s attitude to his competitor is of great importance: who or what helaughs at. We consider an amount of stakes and bidding round.
The situation is the same with scratching and stroking of something. Ifthe gesture refers to a constant (the person is in habit of kneading his neckperiodically!), it provides miserable useful information. I would like tounderline the importance of the background (constant), against which we observeany changes. If the gesture does not refer to a constant, it is necessary topoint out previous games as well as additional hints in order to determine thetell: weakness or strength.
Thus, talking about changes we can point out the major differencebetween professional and amateur readers. Professionals know a wide range ofgeneral tells, and they actually practiced to notice them. They spent a lot oftime working hard with pix and videos. Theprogram of training includes special games as well. In other words, aprofessional has more knowledge about changes. He can notice appearances thatare even more delicate. Therefore, we can talk about faster and more effectivescanning of opponents. However, let us talk about the major secret of trainingnext time…
The fact that Kuznetsov calls, suggests the most likely conclusion: heis strong and has a combination. It is time for Erik Seidel to look about. Thedealer lays out the next street. Erik understands the situation – check. Andthe next scene, where the Russian goes all in: